Perceived occupational gaps among the Ugandan general population – A pilot study

Susanne Guidetti, Matilda Utbult, Julius Tunga Kamwesiga, Gunilla Margareta Eriksson


Purpose: This study aimed at culturally adapting the Occupational Gaps Questionnaire and to describe gaps which may exist during
participation in everyday occupations i.e. the discrepancy between what a person wants to do and what he or she actually does in everyday
life, in a reference sample from an English-speaking population in Uganda and furthermore to explore differences in occupational gaps
between the Ugandan and Swedish reference samples.
Method: A cross-sectional design was used and data were collected using the Occupational Gaps Questionnaire in four different
districts in Uganda (n = 252). The Swedish representative sample included 771 people.
Results: Occupational gaps were reported by 91% of the participants (mean=5.8; SD=3.9) in Uganda. The number of gaps per
person was higher than in the Swedish sample. The most common gaps in the Ugandan sample were reported as Working (42%),
Studying (37%) and Hobbies (35%) in comparison to Cleaning (29%), Sports (23%) Hobbies as well as Travelling for pleasure
(20%) in the Swedish sample. Younger participants perceived significantly more gaps than older participants in both samples.
Conclusions: The majority of the participants perceived gaps, indicating that occupational gaps are perceived to a greater extent
in Uganda.

Key words: Activities in daily living, participation in everyday occupations, assessment, culture, reference sample, self-report

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ISSN 0038-2337 (print), ISSN 2310-3833 (online)

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