Validity of the Stellenbosch University On-road Assessment

Lizette Swanepoel, Sherrilene Classen, Charlyn Delmarie Goliath

Abstract


Background
Internationally, occupational therapists are the professional group called upon to assess fitness to drive. Fitness to drive is assessed through a comprehensive driving evaluation consisting of a clinical battery of tests and an on-road assessment. The on-road assessment is the criterion standard for assessing fitness to drive. Such an assessment has not yet been developed or validated in the South African context.
Purpose
This study empirically quantified the face, content and construct validity of the Stellenbosch University on-road assessment.
Methods
Firstly face validity was established using feedback from peer reviewers, secondly, content validity using the ratings of expert reviewers, and thirdly construct validity was established by assessing between group differences in young drivers who drove the road-course.
Results
Peer review indicated acceptable face validity. Expert reviewers had an average rater agreement percentage of 94%, indicating favourable content validity. One (of two) on-road outcome measures, the Global Rating Score, discriminated between two groups of drivers, indicating construct validity.
Conclusion
This study introduced the first empirical on-road assessment in the South African context. The findings provided foundational information for occupational therapists interested in assessing in-traffic fitness to drive abilities. Implications for practice, research and policy were discussed.

Key words
Fitness to drive, Measurement, South Africa


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ISSN 0038-2337 (print), ISSN 2310-3833 (online)

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